Main Article Content
The article provides a comparative description of the concepts of "norm" and "pathology". The controversial nature of the issue of the identity of concepts is noted. The classical theories of cognition of the norm through the study of pathology actually reduced the very category of "pathology" to indicators of quantitative deviations from the norm. Pathology as a way of cognizing the norm requires concretization not only as a general medical, but also as an epistemological category. It is necessary to move to the category "health - negative factor - imbalance - disharmony - disease".