Socio-Family Culture Against Stunting Risk: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Study

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Anto J. Hadi , Erni Yetti Riman , Sumardi Sudarman , Saskiyanto Manggabarani , Haslinah Ahmad , Nefonavratilova Ritonga , Adi Antoni , Syamsopyan Ishak , Suherman Rate , Febrina Angraini Simamora , Arinil Hidayah , Mastiur Napitupulu , Hapiz Arlanda Sani


Background: Stunting and wasting are one of the public health nutrition problems globally. Elementary school-aged children are at risk and groups of vulnerable to nutrition. Children at elementary school-aged also are prone to malnutrition if the child is exposed to lack of food intake and intake of macro and micro nutrients as well as infectious diseases. This study aimed at analyzing the socio-cultural family of the incidence of stunting in students.
Methods: This research used quantitative method with a cross sectional study approach. Population were students in class I to class VI at SDIT Al-Fikri Makassar City. The sampling technique used exhaustic sampling. Samples were 209 students. The research instruments used were digital and microtoise scales, semi-quantitative FFQ sheets for food types and research questionnaires. This questionnaire refers to the questionnaire from previous researchers and modified by the researcher. Analysis of nutritional data using WHO Anthroplus software. Processing and data analysis using the SPSS program with the Chi-Square test and Linear Logistic Regression at a confidence level of 95% or α = 5%.
Results: The results showed that the variables of eating culture, CED status, consumption of worm medicine, type of food, family support were related to the incidence of stunting (p = 0.000 < 0.05), but the most related variable was the type of food with p = 0.000 (lower limit is 0.252 and upper limit is 0.556).
Conclusion: The conclusion is that the socio-cultural determinant of the family is a determining factor for the occurrence of stunting in elementary school-aged children. Students and the school can monitor the nutritional status of students by means of anthropometric measurements that are routinely carried out every month.

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