Modeling Pro-Conservation Attitude Toward The Endangered Species Based On Demographics Variables Of The Suburban Community As The Basis For Extension Programs Planning: Study At Buffer Zone’s Provincial Park Of Lampung _Indonesia

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Ida Nurhaida , Samsul Bakri , Agus Setiawan , Karomani Karomani , Andi Windah , Sarwoko Sarwoko , and Nurhasanah Nurhasanah


There are 24 endanger animal species (EDS) which 8 of them are enlisted in CITES Appendix I and II exists at
Lampung’s Provincial Park (Tahura WAR: Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdul Rachman). These EDS are prone to illegal
hunting due to Tahura’s buffer zone is the suburb area of capital city of Bandar Lampung beside Pesawaran and South
Lampung Regencies that surrounded by 36 poor villages. It needs model for predicting EDS pro-conservation attitude
(PRO) based on sociodemographic data input. This model is very useful as a predictor tool in identifying individuals
who have a high probability of being PRO so that extension services can be effective in line with overcoming cost
constraints since forest management has been decentralized to the local authorities. The research objectives were: [1]
to determine the level of people’s knowledge about 24 protected animals in Tahura WAR, [2] to develop the PRO
model. The field survey was conducted on August-September 2020 to interview 75 respondents at 3 villages to: [1]
collect socio-demographic data, and [2] determine their knowledge (by showing the 24 EDS’ photos) and their attitude
to the EDS. Ordinary Least Square postulate model was applied at significant level of 90 and 95%. The total PRO is the
respond variable. The predictor variables include their social demography, ethnicity, social capital and participation in
social gathering. The model’s goodness fits-test examined by Fisher statistic criterium while the significance of
parameters model by T student statistic. Conclusions: [1] People’s knowledge about 24 EDS is very low (average 33.4;
SE=27.1%); [2] The model achieved is robust with R-Sq(adj)=68.16% with P= 0.000. The variables that affect on the PRO
are : (a) positively includes the knowledge about EDS, the norm performance, participation in arisan and extension
activities, (b) negatively (not pro to conservation idea) includes the gender that women were less than men, merchant
compare to farmer, whose has more the dependence, and whose cropping in agroforestry pattern compared to
monocultures one or else to non-farmer did.

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