Main Article Content
This study was carried out at the Agricultural Research and Experiments Station (Bani Maqan) in Chamchamal district (2019-2020) and (2020-2021), and it is within an area that is almost guaranteed rain and has a silty clay texture. Two types of cultivation systems are used in this study, which is (the traditional planter system and the zero tillage system) with two levels of forward speed (3 and 5) km/h and two depths of tillage (3 and 6) cm to study some of the mechanical characteristics of agriculture (draw bar power, lost power due to slippage, and Effective field capacity) and some of economical characteristics (operation time, and fuel consumption) and their effect of net profit. The experiment field was divided according to the design of (RCBD). The indicators were randomly distributed among the experimental units within the sector. The experiment field was divided into three sectors. The range is below the level (0.05). The results showed, the zero-tillage system achieved the lowest value required for a time and fuel consumption during the process of agriculture, draw bar power and losses power from slippage were increased by increasing tractor speed, while effective field capacity and fuel consumption were decreased., draw bar power, power losses due to slippage, and fuel consumption were increased by increasing the depth.