Correlation Of Sustainable Agriculture And Intercroping Models In Sugarcane

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Abdul Khaliq , Zia ul Haq , Rashad ul sher , Zaheer Sikandar , Muhammad Abdul Shakoor , Muhammad shahzad afzal , Salma Niaz , Mubashra Yasin


Background: A form of multiple cropping, Intercropping, in which two or more crops are grown together in proximity and produces higher productivity per unit area. It ensures  resource use effeciency of land, labor and inputs resources available at Farm. Here focus will be given that crop duration and peak growth period of intercrop and main crop did not overlapped and coincide. Planting geomety of intercrops adjusted in such a way that will minimizes the shade effect on main crop Methodology: A research experiment was conducted at Sugarcane Research Institute (SRI), Faisalabad. In this experiment, various types of planting geometry was studied to find out optimium planting lay out of canola best fitted in tradional (2.5 ft.) and recommeded (4.0 ft.) sowing techniques of sugarcane  The Randomized Complete Block Design was applied in experiment and replicated thrice.

Results: The data of the research experiment revealed that the highest cane count (110 thousand/ha), cane yield (103.30 t/ha) and sugar yield (12.96 t/ha) was obtained in T6-sugarcane apart 4ft rows +2 line of canola. highest sugarcane income of Rs. 464850/- was found in T6- Sugarcane apart 4ft rows +2 lines of canola which is followed by T7 having sugarcane income of Rs. 431100/- and T4- Sugarcane apart 4ft rows +broad cast of canola with income of Rs. 373500/-. The lowest income of Rs. 222750/- was obtained in T1- Sugarcane apart 2.5ft rows +broad cast of canola.

Conclusion: Two lines of canola intercropped in four feet apart dual row sown sugarcane (recommeded planting practice) will be more feasible, ease to do, economical and profitable than traditional planting geometry and is more sustainable way in profitable agriculture.

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